跳转至

239.sliding-window-maximum

Statement

Metadata
  • Link: 滑动窗口最大值
  • Difficulty: Hard
  • Tag: 队列 数组 滑动窗口 单调队列 堆(优先队列)

给你一个整数数组 nums,有一个大小为 k 的滑动窗口从数组的最左侧移动到数组的最右侧。你只可以看到在滑动窗口内的 k 个数字。滑动窗口每次只向右移动一位。

返回 滑动窗口中的最大值

 

示例 1:

输入:nums = [1,3,-1,-3,5,3,6,7], k = 3
输出:[3,3,5,5,6,7]
解释:
滑动窗口的位置                最大值
---------------               -----
[1  3  -1] -3  5  3  6  7       3
 1 [3  -1  -3] 5  3  6  7       3
 1  3 [-1  -3  5] 3  6  7       5
 1  3  -1 [-3  5  3] 6  7       5
 1  3  -1  -3 [5  3  6] 7       6
 1  3  -1  -3  5 [3  6  7]      7

示例 2:

输入:nums = [1], k = 1
输出:[1]

 

提示:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • -104 <= nums[i] <= 104
  • 1 <= k <= nums.length

Metadata
  • Link: Sliding Window Maximum
  • Difficulty: Hard
  • Tag: Queue Array Sliding Window Monotonic Queue Heap (Priority Queue)

You are given an array of integers nums, there is a sliding window of size k which is moving from the very left of the array to the very right. You can only see the k numbers in the window. Each time the sliding window moves right by one position.

Return the max sliding window.

 

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,3,-1,-3,5,3,6,7], k = 3
Output: [3,3,5,5,6,7]
Explanation: 
Window position                Max
---------------               -----
[1  3  -1] -3  5  3  6  7       3
 1 [3  -1  -3] 5  3  6  7       3
 1  3 [-1  -3  5] 3  6  7       5
 1  3  -1 [-3  5  3] 6  7       5
 1  3  -1  -3 [5  3  6] 7       6
 1  3  -1  -3  5 [3  6  7]      7

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1], k = 1
Output: [1]

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • -104 <= nums[i] <= 104
  • 1 <= k <= nums.length

Solution

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <ext/pb_ds/assoc_container.hpp>
#include <ext/pb_ds/tree_policy.hpp>

#define endl "\n"
#define fi first
#define se second
#define all(x) begin(x), end(x)
#define rall rbegin(a), rend(a)
#define bitcnt(x) (__builtin_popcountll(x))
#define complete_unique(a) a.erase(unique(begin(a), end(a)), end(a))
#define mst(x, a) memset(x, a, sizeof(x))
#define MP make_pair

using ll = long long;
using ull = unsigned long long;
using db = double;
using ld = long double;
using VLL = std::vector<ll>;
using VI = std::vector<int>;
using PII = std::pair<int, int>;
using PLL = std::pair<ll, ll>;

using namespace __gnu_pbds;
using namespace std;
template <typename T>
using ordered_set = tree<T, null_type, less<T>, rb_tree_tag, tree_order_statistics_node_update>;
const ll mod = 1e9 + 7;

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
    return a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
    return a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

#ifdef LOCAL
#include <debug.hpp>
#else
#define dbg(...)
#endif
// head

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> maxSlidingWindow(vector<int> &nums, int k) {
        auto res = vector<int>();
        auto se = multiset<int>();

        int n = nums.size();
        for (int i = 0, j = 0; i < n; i++) {
            se.insert(nums[i]);
            if (se.size() == k) {
                res.push_back(*(se.rbegin()));
                se.erase(se.lower_bound(nums[j]));
                ++j;
            }
        }

        return res;
    }
};

#ifdef LOCAL

int main() {
    return 0;
}

#endif

最后更新: January 15, 2023
回到页面顶部