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10.regular-expression-matching

Statement

Metadata

给你一个字符串 s 和一个字符规律 p,请你来实现一个支持 '.' 和 '*' 的正则表达式匹配。

  • '.' 匹配任意单个字符
  • '*' 匹配零个或多个前面的那一个元素

所谓匹配,是要涵盖 整个 字符串 s的,而不是部分字符串。

 

示例 1:

输入:s = "aa", p = "a"
输出:false
解释:"a" 无法匹配 "aa" 整个字符串。

示例 2:

输入:s = "aa", p = "a*"
输出:true
解释:因为 '*' 代表可以匹配零个或多个前面的那一个元素, 在这里前面的元素就是 'a'。因此,字符串 "aa" 可被视为 'a' 重复了一次。

示例 3:

输入:s = "ab", p = ".*"
输出:true
解释:".*" 表示可匹配零个或多个('*')任意字符('.')。

 

提示:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 20
  • 1 <= p.length <= 30
  • s 只包含从 a-z 的小写字母。
  • p 只包含从 a-z 的小写字母,以及字符 . 和 *
  • 保证每次出现字符 * 时,前面都匹配到有效的字符

Metadata

Given an input string s and a pattern p, implement regular expression matching with support for '.' and '*' where:

  • '.' Matches any single character.​​​​
  • '*' Matches zero or more of the preceding element.

The matching should cover the entire input string (not partial).

 

Example 1:

Input: s = "aa", p = "a"
Output: false
Explanation: "a" does not match the entire string "aa".

Example 2:

Input: s = "aa", p = "a*"
Output: true
Explanation: '*' means zero or more of the preceding element, 'a'. Therefore, by repeating 'a' once, it becomes "aa".

Example 3:

Input: s = "ab", p = ".*"
Output: true
Explanation: ".*" means "zero or more (*) of any character (.)".

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 20
  • 1 <= p.length <= 30
  • s contains only lowercase English letters.
  • p contains only lowercase English letters, '.', and '*'.
  • It is guaranteed for each appearance of the character '*', there will be a previous valid character to match.


最后更新: January 15, 2023
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