# 202.happy-number

## Statement

• Difficulty: Easy
• Tag: 哈希表 数学 双指针

「快乐数」 定义为：

• 对于一个正整数，每一次将该数替换为它每个位置上的数字的平方和。
• 然后重复这个过程直到这个数变为 1，也可能是 无限循环 但始终变不到 1。
• 如果这个过程 结果为 1，那么这个数就是快乐数。

12 + 92 = 82
82 + 22 = 68
62 + 82 = 100
12 + 02 + 02 = 1

• 1 <= n <= 231 - 1

• Difficulty: Easy
• Tag: Hash Table Math Two Pointers

Write an algorithm to determine if a number n is happy.

A happy number is a number defined by the following process:

• Starting with any positive integer, replace the number by the sum of the squares of its digits.
• Repeat the process until the number equals 1 (where it will stay), or it loops endlessly in a cycle which does not include 1.
• Those numbers for which this process ends in 1 are happy.

Return true if n is a happy number, and false if not.

Example 1:

Input: n = 19
Output: true
Explanation:
12 + 92 = 82
82 + 22 = 68
62 + 82 = 100
12 + 02 + 02 = 1

Example 2:

Input: n = 2
Output: false

Constraints:

• 1 <= n <= 231 - 1

## Solution

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <ext/pb_ds/assoc_container.hpp>
#include <ext/pb_ds/tree_policy.hpp>

#define endl "\n"
#define fi first
#define se second
#define all(x) begin(x), end(x)
#define rall rbegin(a), rend(a)
#define bitcnt(x) (__builtin_popcountll(x))
#define complete_unique(a) a.erase(unique(begin(a), end(a)), end(a))
#define mst(x, a) memset(x, a, sizeof(x))
#define MP make_pair

using ll = long long;
using ull = unsigned long long;
using db = double;
using ld = long double;
using VLL = std::vector<ll>;
using VI = std::vector<int>;
using PII = std::pair<int, int>;
using PLL = std::pair<ll, ll>;

using namespace __gnu_pbds;
using namespace std;
template <typename T>
using ordered_set = tree<T, null_type, less<T>, rb_tree_tag, tree_order_statistics_node_update>;
const ll mod = 1e9 + 7;

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
return a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
return a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

#ifdef LOCAL
#include <debug.hpp>
#else
#define dbg(...)
#endif

class Solution {
public:
bool isHappy(int x) {
const auto f = [](int x) {
int res = 0;
while (x) {
res += (x % 10) * (x % 10);
x /= 10;
}
return res;
};

map<int, bool> mp;
while (x > 1) {
if (mp.count(x)) {
return false;
}

mp[x] = 1;

x = f(x);
}

return true;
}
};

#ifdef LOCAL

int main() {
return 0;
}

#endif