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202.happy-number

Statement

Metadata
  • Link: 快乐数
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Tag: 哈希表 数学 双指针

编写一个算法来判断一个数 n 是不是快乐数。

「快乐数」 定义为:

  • 对于一个正整数,每一次将该数替换为它每个位置上的数字的平方和。
  • 然后重复这个过程直到这个数变为 1,也可能是 无限循环 但始终变不到 1。
  • 如果这个过程 结果为 1,那么这个数就是快乐数。

如果 n快乐数 就返回 true ;不是,则返回 false

 

示例 1:

输入:n = 19
输出:true
解释:
12 + 92 = 82
82 + 22 = 68
62 + 82 = 100
12 + 02 + 02 = 1

示例 2:

输入:n = 2
输出:false

 

提示:

  • 1 <= n <= 231 - 1

Metadata
  • Link: Happy Number
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Tag: Hash Table Math Two Pointers

Write an algorithm to determine if a number n is happy.

A happy number is a number defined by the following process:

  • Starting with any positive integer, replace the number by the sum of the squares of its digits.
  • Repeat the process until the number equals 1 (where it will stay), or it loops endlessly in a cycle which does not include 1.
  • Those numbers for which this process ends in 1 are happy.

Return true if n is a happy number, and false if not.

 

Example 1:

Input: n = 19
Output: true
Explanation:
12 + 92 = 82
82 + 22 = 68
62 + 82 = 100
12 + 02 + 02 = 1

Example 2:

Input: n = 2
Output: false

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 231 - 1

Solution

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <ext/pb_ds/assoc_container.hpp>
#include <ext/pb_ds/tree_policy.hpp>

#define endl "\n"
#define fi first
#define se second
#define all(x) begin(x), end(x)
#define rall rbegin(a), rend(a)
#define bitcnt(x) (__builtin_popcountll(x))
#define complete_unique(a) a.erase(unique(begin(a), end(a)), end(a))
#define mst(x, a) memset(x, a, sizeof(x))
#define MP make_pair

using ll = long long;
using ull = unsigned long long;
using db = double;
using ld = long double;
using VLL = std::vector<ll>;
using VI = std::vector<int>;
using PII = std::pair<int, int>;
using PLL = std::pair<ll, ll>;

using namespace __gnu_pbds;
using namespace std;
template <typename T>
using ordered_set = tree<T, null_type, less<T>, rb_tree_tag, tree_order_statistics_node_update>;
const ll mod = 1e9 + 7;

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
    return a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
    return a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

#ifdef LOCAL
#include <debug.hpp>
#else
#define dbg(...)
#endif
// head

class Solution {
public:
    bool isHappy(int x) {
        const auto f = [](int x) {
            int res = 0;
            while (x) {
                res += (x % 10) * (x % 10);
                x /= 10;
            }
            return res;
        };

        map<int, bool> mp;
        while (x > 1) {
            if (mp.count(x)) {
                return false;
            }

            mp[x] = 1;

            x = f(x);
        }

        return true;
    }
};

#ifdef LOCAL

int main() {
    return 0;
}

#endif

最后更新: January 15, 2023
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