## Statement

``````输入: prices = [7,1,5,3,6,4]

随后，在第 4 天（股票价格 = 3）的时候买入，在第 5 天（股票价格 = 6）的时候卖出, 这笔交易所能获得利润 = 6-3 = 3 。
``````

``````输入: prices = [1,2,3,4,5]

注意你不能在第 1 天和第 2 天接连购买股票，之后再将它们卖出。因为这样属于同时参与了多笔交易，你必须在再次购买前出售掉之前的股票。
``````

``````输入: prices = [7,6,4,3,1]

• `1 <= prices.length <= 3 * 104`
• `0 <= prices[i] <= 104`

You are given an integer array `prices` where `prices[i]` is the price of a given stock on the `ith` day.

On each day, you may decide to buy and/or sell the stock. You can only hold at most one share of the stock at any time. However, you can buy it then immediately sell it on the same day.

Find and return the maximum profit you can achieve.

Example 1:

``````Input: prices = [7,1,5,3,6,4]
Output: 7
Explanation: Buy on day 2 (price = 1) and sell on day 3 (price = 5), profit = 5-1 = 4.
Then buy on day 4 (price = 3) and sell on day 5 (price = 6), profit = 6-3 = 3.
Total profit is 4 + 3 = 7.
``````

Example 2:

``````Input: prices = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: 4
Explanation: Buy on day 1 (price = 1) and sell on day 5 (price = 5), profit = 5-1 = 4.
Total profit is 4.
``````

Example 3:

``````Input: prices = [7,6,4,3,1]
Output: 0
Explanation: There is no way to make a positive profit, so we never buy the stock to achieve the maximum profit of 0.
``````

Constraints:

• `1 <= prices.length <= 3 * 104`
• `0 <= prices[i] <= 104`

## Solution

``````#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <ext/pb_ds/assoc_container.hpp>
#include <ext/pb_ds/tree_policy.hpp>

#define endl "\n"
#define fi first
#define se second
#define all(x) begin(x), end(x)
#define rall rbegin(a), rend(a)
#define bitcnt(x) (__builtin_popcountll(x))
#define complete_unique(a) a.erase(unique(begin(a), end(a)), end(a))
#define mst(x, a) memset(x, a, sizeof(x))
#define MP make_pair

using ll = long long;
using ull = unsigned long long;
using db = double;
using ld = long double;
using VLL = std::vector<ll>;
using VI = std::vector<int>;
using PII = std::pair<int, int>;
using PLL = std::pair<ll, ll>;

using namespace __gnu_pbds;
using namespace std;
template <typename T>
using ordered_set = tree<T, null_type, less<T>, rb_tree_tag, tree_order_statistics_node_update>;
const ll mod = 1e9 + 7;

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
return a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
return a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

#ifdef LOCAL
#include <debug.hpp>
#else
#define dbg(...)
#endif

class Solution {
public:
int maxProfit(vector<int> &prices) {
int pre_res = 0;
int pre = -INT_MAX;
int res = 0;
for (const auto &p : prices) {
res = max(res, p + pre);
pre = max(pre, pre_res - p);
pre_res = max(pre_res, res);
}

return res;
}
};

#ifdef LOCAL

int main() {
return 0;
}

#endif
``````