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1221.split-a-string-in-balanced-strings

Statement

Metadata

在一个 平衡字符串 中,'L''R' 字符的数量是相同的。

给你一个平衡字符串 s,请你将它分割成尽可能多的平衡字符串。

注意:分割得到的每个字符串都必须是平衡字符串,且分割得到的平衡字符串是原平衡字符串的连续子串。

返回可以通过分割得到的平衡字符串的 最大数量

 

示例 1:

输入:s = "RLRRLLRLRL"
输出:4
解释:s 可以分割为 "RL"、"RRLL"、"RL"、"RL" ,每个子字符串中都包含相同数量的 'L' 和 'R' 。

示例 2:

输入:s = "RLLLLRRRLR"
输出:3
解释:s 可以分割为 "RL"、"LLLRRR"、"LR" ,每个子字符串中都包含相同数量的 'L' 和 'R' 。

示例 3:

输入:s = "LLLLRRRR"
输出:1
解释:s 只能保持原样 "LLLLRRRR".

示例 4:

输入:s = "RLRRRLLRLL"
输出:2
解释:s 可以分割为 "RL"、"RRRLLRLL" ,每个子字符串中都包含相同数量的 'L' 和 'R' 。

 

提示:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 1000
  • s[i] = 'L' 或 'R'
  • s 是一个 平衡 字符串

Metadata

Balanced strings are those that have an equal quantity of 'L' and 'R' characters.

Given a balanced string s, split it in the maximum amount of balanced strings.

Return the maximum amount of split balanced strings.

 

Example 1:

Input: s = "RLRRLLRLRL"
Output: 4
Explanation: s can be split into "RL", "RRLL", "RL", "RL", each substring contains same number of 'L' and 'R'.

Example 2:

Input: s = "RLLLLRRRLR"
Output: 3
Explanation: s can be split into "RL", "LLLRRR", "LR", each substring contains same number of 'L' and 'R'.

Example 3:

Input: s = "LLLLRRRR"
Output: 1
Explanation: s can be split into "LLLLRRRR".

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 1000
  • s[i] is either 'L' or 'R'.
  • s is a balanced string.

Solution

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#include <ext/pb_ds/assoc_container.hpp>
#include <ext/pb_ds/tree_policy.hpp>

#define endl "\n"
#define fi first
#define se second
#define all(x) begin(x), end(x)
#define rall rbegin(a), rend(a)
#define bitcnt(x) (__builtin_popcountll(x))
#define complete_unique(a) a.erase(unique(begin(a), end(a)), end(a))
#define mst(x, a) memset(x, a, sizeof(x))
#define MP make_pair

using ll = long long;
using ull = unsigned long long;
using db = double;
using ld = long double;
using VLL = std::vector<ll>;
using VI = std::vector<int>;
using PII = std::pair<int, int>;
using PLL = std::pair<ll, ll>;

using namespace __gnu_pbds;
using namespace std;
template <typename T>
using ordered_set = tree<T, null_type, less<T>, rb_tree_tag, tree_order_statistics_node_update>;
const ll mod = 1e9 + 7;

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmax(T &a, const S &b) {
    return a < b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

template <typename T, typename S>
inline bool chmin(T &a, const S &b) {
    return a > b ? a = b, 1 : 0;
}

#ifdef LOCAL
#include <debug.hpp>
#else
#define dbg(...)
#endif
// head

class Solution {
public:
    int balancedStringSplit(string s) {
        int res = 0;
        auto f = vector<int>(2, 0);
        for (const auto &c : s) {
            int cur = (c == 'L');
            if (f[cur ^ 1]) {
                --f[cur ^ 1];
            } else {
                ++f[cur];
            }

            if (f[0] == 0 && f[1] == 0) {
                ++res;
            }
        }

        return res;
    }
};

#ifdef LOCAL

int main() {
    return 0;
}

#endif

最后更新: January 15, 2023
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